Phillips, Thomas an English Roman Catholic priest, was born in Buckinghamshire in 1708. He received his education at St. Omer's College, and became a most zealous worker in the Church. He obtained a prebend in the collegiate church of Tongres, and resided for many years in the family of the earl of Shrewsbury. Towards the end of his life he retired to the English college at Liege, where he died in 1774. He published, The Study of Sacred Literature fully Stated and Considered (Lond. 1756, 8vo; 2d ed. 1758; 3d ed. 1765):— Philemon (1761, 8vo). This autobiographical pamphlet was privately printed, and suppressed: — The History of the Life of Reginald Pole (Oxford, 1764-1767, 2 parts in 1 volume, 4to; Lond. 1767, 2 volumes, 8vo). This work elicited six answers, by Richard Lillard, T. Ridley, T. Neve, E, Stone, B. Pye, and J. Jones (see Chalmers, Biog. Dict. 26:460-461), and Phillips responded in an appendix to the Life (1767, 4to); see also end of his 3d ed. of Study of Sacred Literature:— Reasons for the Repeal of the Law against the Papists: — Translation in Metre of the Hymn Lauda Sion Salvatorem: — Censura Commentariorum Cornelii a Lapide, in Latin, on a single sheet. He also addressed some poetry to his sister Elizabeth, abbess of the Benedictine nuns at Ghent. See Cole's MS. Athen. in the British Museum; European Magazine, for September 1796; Allibone, Dict. of Brit. and Amer. Auth. s.v.