Philippists is the name of that sect or party among the Lutherans who were the followers of Philip Melancthon. He had strenuously opposed the Ubiquists, who arose in his time; and the dispute growing still hotter after his death, the University of Wittenberg, who espoused Melancthon's opinion, were called by the Flacians, who attacked it, Philippists. They were strongest in that university, the opposite party controlling the University of Jena. The Philippists were in the end accused of being Calvinists at heart. and were much persecuted by the ultra-Lutheran party. See the different works on the Rebrmnation (q.v.), and the long treatise in Herzog, Real- Encyklopadie, 11:537-546. SEE ADIAPHORISTIC CONTROVERSY; SEE MELANCTHON.