Pereda, Antonio

Pereda, Antonio, an eminent Spanish painter, was born at Valladolid in 1599. He studied under Pedro de has Cuevas, and showed so much ability that he was taken under the protection of Don Francisco de Texada, who sent him to Madrid, where he had an opportunity of studying the works of the great masters in the royal collections. At the age of eighteen he produced a picture of the Immaculate Conception, in which the Virgin appeared on a throne of clouds, supported by angels, executed so admirably that no one could believe it the work of so young an artist. The reputation he acquired by this performance induced the due de Olivarez, who had the direction of the works going on in the palace of the Retiro, to employ him, and place him among the artists of the highest rank. Pere da performed his part to the satisfaction of his patron, and was munificently rewarded. He acquired great reputation, and is said to have executed many works for the churches at Madrid, Toledo, Alcala, Cuenca, and Valladolid. He also painted much for individuals, and no collection was considered complete without a specimen of Pereda. It is also said he was a universal artist — painting history, familiar life, vases, tapestry, musical instruments, and other objects of still life. His pictures were well designed, his drawing correct, and his coloring rich and glowing, in the Venetian style, with an admirable impasto. Few of his works are known to be extant at the present day. There are two in the Royal Gallery at Madrid, one of which represents St. Jerome Meditating on the Last Judgment; one of Christ asleep on the Cross, with flowers and skulls, in the collection of marshal Soult; one of St. Anthony and Christ, in the Esterhazy Gallery in Vienna, and three or four in the gallery at Munich. Pereda died at Madrid in 1699.

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