Pennafiel, Council of
Pennafiel, Council Of (Concilium Penafelense), was held, April 1, 1302, by Gonsalvo of Toledo and his suffragans. Fifteen articles were published, tending to repress those abuses which are noticed in the councils of this age, viz. incontinence among the clergy, usury, etc. Among other things, it was enacted, by canon 12, that in every church the "Salve Regina" should be sung after compline. By canon 8, that the priests should make with their own hands the bread to be consecrated at the Eucharist, or cause it to be made by other ecclesiastics in their own presence. By canon 7, that tithe should be paid of all lawful property, thereby to recognize the universal sovereignty of God. See Labbe, Concilia, 11:2444.