Paulinus of Aquileia, St
Paulinus Of Aquileia, St., a noted prelate of the Eastern Church in the second half of the 8th century, is known especially for his exertions to maintain the orthodox standard of the Trinitarian dogma. He was a native of Friaul, and appears to have been a teacher of philosophy, at least Charlemagne calls hint in 773 "artis grammaticae magister." He was elevated to the patriarchal dignity in A.D. 776, and belongs to that class of scholars upon whom Charlemagne depended for counsel in all literary and ecclesiastical affairs. Paul of Aquileia took part in the synods at Regensburg in 792, and Frankfort in 794, which dealt with the heresy of the Adoptianists (q.v.). He also attended several provincial councils, and labored with zeal for the Christianizing of Carinthia and the Avari. He probably died A.D. 804. His works, whose authenticity is in part called in question, were published by Madrisius at Venice in 1737. His memory is observed on January 21. Panlinus, in the council held at Forum Julium (Friuli) (A.D. 791 or 796), defended the Western Church against the charge of falsifying the creed on the doctrine of the Holy Ghost. He held that if the creed were explained according to the meaning of its author, it could not be said that it was altered. As the fathers of the council at Constantinople had enlarged the Nicene Creed according to the mind of the original framer of it by the statements respecting the Holy Spirit, in the same manner it was added by the Church that the Spirit proceeded from the Son. As Christ himself said, the Father is inseparably in the Son and the Son in the Father, but the Holy Spirit is of the same nature with the Father and the Son, so must we say that he proceeds from both essentially and inseparably. See Neander, Dogmnas, 2:436; Acta SS. Jan. 1, p. 317 sq.; and the biographical sketches prefixed to his works.