Pardo a Jewish family, several members of which have become distinguished as rabbins and writers.

1. ABRAHAM, a younger brother of Isaac, also a learned and pious man, who died at Jerusalem.

2. DAVID (1), third son of Joseph (1), went with his father to Amsterdam, and officiated there, while his father was yet alive, as rabbi of the synagogue Beth Israel, which was built in 1618. Through the efforts of David Pardo, in 1639, the three synagogues were united to form from that time forward one single and inseparable community of Spanish and Portuguese Jews. In the same year a rabbinical school, "Talmud Thora," was established, which attained to eminence, and where Saul Levi Morteira, Menasse ben-Israel, Isaac Aboab, and David Pardo lectured. Pardo published the Spanish translation of the חובות הלבבות, by Zaddik ben-Joseph Formon, the Compendio dos Dinimr (Amst. 1610), which was also printed in Hebrew letters, in a new edition. He died in 1652, leaving behind two sons, Joseph and Josijahn.

"Pardon." topical outline.

3. DAVID (2), perhaps a descendant of Isaac Parde (a son of Isaac, according to Furst, who seems to confound this David with David Pardo, No. 1), lived at Spalatro in the last century, and distinguished himself as a writer. He wrote, משכיל לדוד, a super-commentary on Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch (Venice, 1760): — שושנים לדוד, a commentary on the Mishna. (ibid. 1752)': — חסדי דוד, a commentary on the six orders of the Tosefta (Livorno, 1790):— מכתם לדוד, acollection. of decisions (Amst. 1756): — למנצח לדוד.

4. ISAAC, son of Joseph (1), was known for his piety, in which he surpassed his father. At Salonica, his native place, he was president of the Jewish college ישיבה ראש, and acquired reputation as a good preacher. Towards the end of his life he went to Scopia, in order to be near his sons, where he died shortly after his arrival.

Bible concordance for PARDON.

5. JACOB (1), son of David (2), was rabbi at Ragusa, and wrote, קהלת יעקב, a commentary on the earlier prophets, viz. Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings (Venice, 1784): — מרפא לשין, prayers and religious poems(ibid. 1800): — תהלה בארש, prayers occasioned by the earthquake at Ragusa (ibid. 1780).

6. JACOB (2) CHAJIM (ben-David Samuel ben-Jak. ben-Dav.) was born at Ragusa in 1818. He was educated at the university in Padua, and was noted for his remarkable attainments. When eighteen years of age he wrote. באור על מיכה, a commentary on Micah; reprinted in S. D.

Definition of pardon

Luzzatto's אבני זכרון, as well as Pardo's "cilque discorsi." He died in 1839, when about to enter upon his official duties, as rabbi at Verona. Pardo's death was regarded as a great loss to the Jewish community. D. Chan. Viterbo and Jos. Almanzi gave vent to their feelings in two poems, which were published (Prague, 1839). Though Pardo died so young he was yet distinguished for his oratorical talent, and the Jews looked upon him as one of their ablest men in the pulpit. After his decease five of his discourses were published.

7. JOSEPH (1) of Salonica, where his parents had settled after the expulsion from Spain. When the Portuguese Jews, who had found a new home at Amsterdam, had increased to a community, they called Joseph Pardo to be the spiritual leader of the synagogue Beth Jacob, so called after Jacob Tirado, its founder. By his efforts, and with the help of Jacob Coronel, of Hamburg, in the year 1615 the foundation was laid of the afterwards famous orphan asylum, the Hermandad de los Huerfanas, of Amsterdam. Joseph Pardo died Feb. 10, 1619.

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8. JOSEPH (2), son of David (1), succeeded his father in the rabbiship, and afterwards went to London, where he wrote his שלהן טהור, "The Pure Table," an abridgment of the Jewish rites, of which many editions have appeared. He died before 1680. His son David (3), who likewise officiated as rabbi at London, published the שלחן טהור at Amsterdam, dedicating it to the vestry of the London congregation.

9. JOSIJAHN, a pupil and son-in-law of Saul Levi Morteira, also officiated as chacham or rabbi until, in 1674, he went in the same capacity to Curanoa, and afterwards to Jamaica. His son David (4) was rabbi at Surinam, where he died about 1717.

See Kayserling, Die Pardos, in Frankels Monatsschrift, 1859, p. 386 sq.; De Rossi, Dizionario storico degli autori Ebrei, p. 257 (Germ. transl. by Hamberger); Gratz, Gesch. d. Juden, 9:272; 10:7, 9, 14; Lindo, Hist. of the Jews in Spain and Portugal, p. 370; Kayserling, Sephardim, p. 169, 201, 203, 296; Wolf, Bibl. Hebr. 1:325; 3:281, 296; Furst, Bibl. Jud. 3:66 sq.; Finn, Sephardim, p. 462. (B. P.)

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