Paoli, Sebastian an Italian ecclesiastic, was born in 1684 at Lucca: entered the Order of the Mother of God; in 1729 was appointed general procurator of the congregation; afterwards rector of the college of St. Brigitta at Naples, where he died in 1751. He was one of the most famous antiquarians of his times. He wrote: Della poesia de' S. Padri Greci e 'Latini ne' primi secoli della chiesa (Naples, 1714): — Codice diplomatico del sagre militare ordine Gerosolemitano oggi di Malta, etc. (Lucca, 1733-1738, 2 vols. fol), which is very important for the history of the Knights of Malta. He also published a good edition of the Orations of Peter Chrysologus (Venice, 1750).