Paleotti, Gabriel an Italian cardinal, was born at Bologna Oct. 4,1524. His father, who was a lawyer, intended Gabriel also for that profession; but at maturity he decided for the clerical life, and, contenting himself with a simple canonicate, he refused the bishopric of Majorca, which Campeggio wished to resign in his favor. In 1556 he was put on the committee of the Index Expurgatorius. He was sent to the Council of Trent to sustain the interests of the Church, and Pius IV decorated him with the purple March 12, 1565. Pius V endowed him, Jan. 30, 1566, with the bishopric of Bologna. A
particular friend of St. Charles Borromeo and of Sextus V, he received more than thirty votes in the conclave assembled to appoint a successor to the latter. The bishopric of Sabina was given to him March 20, 1591. He died at Rome July 23, 1597. He published, De Bono Senectutis (Antwerp, 1598): — De imaginibus sacris et profanis (Rome, 1594): — Archiepiscopale Bononiensis (ibid. 1594): — De nothis spuriisque filiis .(Frankfort, 1573): — De consistorialibus consultationibus. He drew up Acta Concilii Tridentini for the sessions in which he participated, and Pallavicini and Oderic Regnaud brought out a large part of this work, which, however, has not been published entire. See Ledesma, De vita et rebus gestis G. Paleotti (Bologna, 1647).