Oph'ni (Heb. Ophni', עָפנַי [always with the art. הָעָפנַי, ha-Ophni', q. d. the Ophnite], perh. pressure, famisne [comp. כָּפִן]; Sept. Α᾿φνί, but most MSS. omit; Yulg. — 9 hni), a town in the north-eastern section of the tribe of Benjamin, named only in Jos 18:24, between Chephar- haammonai and Gaba (q.v.). "Its name may perhaps imply that, like others of the towns of this: region, it was originally founded by some non- Israelitish tribe — the Ophnites — who in that case have left but this one slight trace of their existence" (Smith). It was probably the Gufzith (גופנית), Gufna, or Beth-gufnin of the Talmud (Schwarz, p. 126), and doubtless the Gophna of Josephus (Γοφνά Ptolemy, Γούφνα 4:16), a place which at the time of Vespasian's invasion was apparently so important as to be second only to Jerusalem (War, 3:3, 5), as the center of a district or toparchy (Ant. 14:11, 2). It was fifteen Roman miles from Jerusalem on the way to Neapolis (Eusebius, 'Onomast. s.v. φάραγξ βότρυος). The place still survives in the modern Jifha or Jihna, two and a half miles north-west of Bethel (Reland, Palaest. p. 816; Wilson, Lands of the Bible, 2:41). The change from the Ain, with which Ophlni begins, to G, is common enough in the Sept. (comp. Gomorrah, Athaliah, etc.). It is now a poor village, in a fertile valley between high hills, and contains about 200 Christian inhabitants (Robinson, Bib. Res. 3:79). Remains of an old Greek church still exist there, especially a baptistery; End traces may be seen of the Roman road leading through the town from Jerusalem to Antipatris (ib. 2:138).

Bible concordance for OPHNI.

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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