Noris, Enrico

Noris, Enrico a distinguished Italian prelate, noted as a theologian and archaeologist, was born of English parentage at Verona Aug. 29, 1631. He studied philosophy and theology with the Jesuits at Rimini. The reading of the works of St. Augustine so influenced his mind that he was led to join the Augustines at Rimini. His zeal and learning soon attracted the attention of his superiors, and he was called by the general to Rome, where every facility was afforded him to continue his studies. He became professor successively at Pesaro, Perugia, and Padua. He was now attacked by the Jesuits as inclining to Jansenism, but the grand-duke of Tuscany chose him for his theologian, and appointed, him professor of theology in the University of Pisa. The queen of Sweden appointed him also member of the academy she had just founded at Rome. Innocent XII made him librarian of the Vatican, and created him cardinal in 1695. This high position did not shelter him from the accusations of the Jesuits, which continued even after his death, Feb. 23, 1704; but they never succeeded in making him lose the confidence and friendship of the pope. Noris wrote Historia Pelagiana, et dissertatio de synodo v ecumenica, etc. (Padua, 1673, fol.; Leips. 1677, fol.; new ed., with the addition of five historical dissertations, Louvain,. 1702, fol.). Macedo and Hardouin attacked with great violence this work, which, by defending the doctrine of Augustine concerning grace, could be considered as favorable to Jansenism. Noris answered; but, although his answer was approved by the court of Rome, his work was placed in the Index in 1747 by the Spanish Inquisition, and kept in it for ten years, in spite of the representations of pope Benedict XIV: — Dissertatio duplex de duobus numnmis Diocletiani et Licinzii, cum auctuario chronologico de votis, etc. (Padua, 1675, 4to): — Cenotaphia Pisana Caii et Lucii Cesarum dissertationibus illustrata (Venice, 1681, fol.; and in Burmann, Thesaurus antiq. Ita;l. vol. viii): Epistola consularis, in qua collegia lxx consulum, etc. (Bologna, 1683, 4to): — Annus et Epochce Cyro-macedonum, etc. (Florence, 1689, 4to; 2d ed. 1692, fol.; augmented by the two following, which were first published in 1691) — De Paschali Latinorum cyclo annorum lxxxiv: — De Cyclo paschali Ravennate annorum xcv. The complete works of Noris were published by Maffei, Peter, and Jerome Ballerini (Verona, 1729-41, 5 vols. 8vo). The fourth volume contains a history of the Donatists, which Noris had left unpublished. See Bianchini, Vite degli Arcadi, vol. i; Ballerini, Vie de Noris, in the above-mentioned complete edition, vol. iv; Niceron, Mem. vol. iii; Chaufepie, Dict.; Fabroni. Vitae Italorum, vol. vi

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