Noirlieu, Louis-francois Martin De
Noirlieu, Louis-Francois Martin De a French ecclesiastical writer, was born at Sainte-Menehould (Marne), June 5, 1792. After having studied the humanities in the Lyceum of Rheim she went to Paris in 1810, and the following year was nominated professor in the Seminary of Sainte-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet, where he taught rhetoric. In 1815 he went to Rome; there received the priesthood in March, 1816, and followed with success, during four years, a course of theology in the University of Sapience. On his return to France he became almoner of the Polytechnic School, and exercised these duties until 1826. At this period Charles X made him under-tutor to his grandson, the duke of Bordeaux. The revolution of 1830 surprised him in Germany, where he was traveling for his health. Obliged soon after to seek a milder climate, he returned to Rome, where during two years he consecrated his leisure to the study of the Hebrew language and the Holy Scriptures. Returning to France in 1833, he lived there in seclusion, and preached at some stations in different parishes of Paris. In 1840 M. Affre, archbishop of Paris, appointed him curate of Saint-Jacquesdu-Haut-Pas; and at the close of 1848 M. Sibour gave him the benefice of Saint-Louis-d'Antin, which he held until his death in 1863. We have of the works of M. de Noirlieu, La Bible de 'Enfance, ou histoire abregee de l'Ancien et du Nouveau Testament (Paris, 1836, 18mo, and several other editions): — Histoire abregee de la religion Chretienne, depuis l'Ascension de Jesus-Christ jusqu'au. dix-neuvieme siecle (ibid. 1837, 18mo): — Souvenirs de Tusculumu, ou entretiens philosophiques pres de la maison de campagne de Ciceron (ibid. 1833, 12mo): — Le Consolateur des ffliges et des malades (ibid. 1836, 12mo): — Motifs de la coaner sion 'dui Protestant (1837, 12mo): — Exposifion ab-ri gee et preuves de la doctrine Chretienne (ibid. 1842 12mo), completely revised under the title of Exposition des dogmes principaux du Christianisme (ibid. 1853 and 1858, 12mo): — Le Cuatechisme explique aua enfants de huit ans (ibid. 1858, 12mo): — Catechismn philosophique, a I'usage des gens du monde (ibid, 1860, 12mo). M. de Sacy gave a eulogy on this last work in the Journal des Debats of April 30, 1861. Nola. This word is used in mediaeval Latin to signify a small bell, probably because bells were first invented at Nola, in Campania. The word campana is also used in the same meaning. Some authors assert that church-bells were invented by Paulinus, who was bishop of Nola, in Campania, but this is a mistake, as we have no mention of church-bells till the commencement of the 7th century. Sabianus, bishop of Rome, who succeeded Gregory the Great in 604, is generally regarded as the first person who applied bells to ecclesiastical purposes. SEE BELLS.