Neuenar (Lat. Neuenarius or Nevenarius), HERMANN, Count, a learned German prelate, was born in 1491 in the town of Julich. He entered into holy orders; became provost of the College Church of Aix-la-Chapelle, afterwards of the Cathedral of Cologne; and lastly, in 1524, chancellor of the high school in that city. He possessed great knowledge, and defended Reuchlin against the attacks of the Dominicans of Cologne. In agreement with Hutten and Camerarius upon literary questions, he separated himself from them on the subject of religious reform, and voted against the innovators at the Diet of Augsburg. He died at Augsburg in 1530. We have of his works, Oratio in comitiis Francofurtensibus pro Carolo Romanorum rege recens electo (Frankfort, 1519, and Hanover, 1611, fol.): — Oratio gratulatoria ad Carolum V (1519), reprinted, as well as the preceding piece, in the third volume of the Scriptores of Freher: — Epistola ad Carolum V (Schelestadt, 1519, 4to), written to engage that prince to favor classical studies: — Brevis enarratio de origine et sedibus Francorum (Cologne, 1521, 4to; Anvers, 1585); in this work, reprinted with others in volume 1 of the Scriptores of Duchesne, the author is among the first to combat the erroneous opinion regarding the Trojan origin of the Franks:-De Mllorbo seufebri sudatoria, vulgo sudore Brittanico vocato (Cologne, 1529, 4to): — Carmina (Leipsic, 1529): — Annotationes aliquot herbarum, in volume 3 of the Herbarium Brumifeldii (Basle, 1540): — De Gallia Belgica commentariolus (Anvers, 1584, 4to). Neuenar also gave the first edition of the Vie de Charlemagne and of the Annales of Eginhard (Cologne, 1521, 4to), and of the Art veterinaire of R. Vegece (Basle, 1528, 4to); he also translated into Latin several Greek epigrams in the collection of Soter, published at Cologne in 1528; his translation of the Psalms and other fragments from the Bible are found in the Psalmi published (Hagenau, 1532, 8vo) by one of his nephews, who has placed at the beginning of it a Vie de Neuenar, reproduced in the Noctes academicce of J. Fr. Christ; his Poem on the Death of the Saviour is inserted in the Hymni sacri of G. Fabricius; finally, several letters of Neuenar are found in the correspondence of Reuchlin. See Burckhardt, Analecta, and De fatis linguae Latinac, page 337; Hartzheim, Bibl. Coloniensis; Buschius, Vallum humanitatis; Paquot, Memoires, volume 16.