Nethani'ah (Heb. Nethanyah', נתִניָה, also in the prolonged form Nethanya'hu, נתִניָהוּ, 1Ch 25:12; 2Ch 17:8; Jer 36:14; Jer 40:8; Jer 41:9, given of Jehovah; Sept. Ναθανίας, v.r. in 2Ki 25:23 Μαθθανίας), the name of four Hebrews.
1. Third named of four sons of Asaph, who were appointed by order of David to minister in the Temple. He was chief of the fifth division of sacred musicians (1Ch 25:2,12). B.C. cir. 1015.
2. A Levite, one of those sent with "princes" and priests, on the accession of Jehoshaphat, to teach the law through the cities of Judah (2Ch 17:8). B.C. cir. 912.
3. Son of Shelamiah and father of Jehudi (q.v.) (Jer 36:14). B.C. cir. 638.
4. Son of Elishama (q.v.) of the royal family of Judah, and father of Ishmael (q.v.) who murdered Gedaliah (2Ki 25:23,25; Jer 40:8,14-15; Jer 41:1-2,6-7,9-12,15-16,18). B.C. cir. 620.