Neophytus A short but curious tract, published by Cotelerius in his Ecclesiae Graecae Monumenta, 2:457-462, bears this title: Νεοφύτου πρεσβυτέρου μοναχοῦ καὶ ἐγκλειστοῦ περὶ τῶν κατὰ χώραν Κω῏/προν σκαιῶν, Neophyti Presbyteri Monachi et Inclusi. de Calamitatibus Cypri. It gives a brief account of the usurpation of the island by Isaac Comnenus, its conquest, and the imprisonment of Isaac by Richard Coeur de Lion, king of England, and the sale of the island to the Latins (as the writer represents the transaction) by Richard. The writer was contemporary with these transactions, and therefore lived about the close of the 12th century. He was a resident and probably a native of Cyprus. There are several MSS. in the different European libraries bearing the name of Neophytus. Of these a MS. formerly in the Colbertine Library at Paris contained thirty Orationes, evidently by this Neophytus; a Catena in Canticum, and some others on theological subjects, are of more dubious authorship, but they may be by the same author; a Demonstratio de Plautis, and one or two chemical treatises, are by another Neophytus, surnamed Prodromenus; and Definitiones et Divisiones Summariae totius Aristotelis Philosophiae, and
Epitome in Porphyrii quinque voces et in Aristotelis Orcanon, are apparently by a third writer of the same name. See Cotelerius, 1.c., and notes in col. 678, 679; Du Cange, Glossarium Med. et Inf. Graecitatis; Index Auctorum, page 29; Fabricius, Bibliotheca Graeca, 5:738; 8:661, 662; 11:339, etc.; Cave, Hist. Litt. ad ann. 1190, 2:251 (ed. Oxford, 1740, 1742); Smith, Dict. Greek and Rom. Biog. and Mythol. s.v.