Neander, Daniel Amadeus

Neander, Daniel Amadeus a German Protestant prelate of distinction, was born at Lengenfeld, in Saxony, November 17, 1775, and was educated at the University of Leipsic. He entered the ministry, and became pastor at the little village of Flemmningin, near Nauniburg; in 1817 was made pastor and superintendent at Merseburg; in 1823 court preacher, and a little later counsellor to the minister of cultus and pastor of St. Peter's at Berlin; in 1829 first general superintendent of the province of Brandenburg, and director of the Consistory; and finally, in 1830, bishop of the Evangelical Church. In 1853, by his own request, he was granted a supernumerary relation, and after 1865, when he was relieved of all ecclesiastical duties, he lived quietly in retirement until his death, November 18, 1869. The bishop enjoyed the confidence and esteem of the Prussian Church, to which he rendered great service in 1829 by settling the controversy which then agitated it, because of the intended introduction of the king's agenda for the communion service into the liturgy. "This difficult controversy was finally settled principally by an arrangement proposed by bishop Neander, according to which a new revision of the liturgy was to be made by the ecclesiastical authorities, with special reference to the most important objections (1829). As this presented to the worshippers a choice of several forms, and paid respect to provincial usages, and as the rights of the Church were preserved and were duly honored by the government, it was accepted without difficulty. Accordingly, since 1830, the agenda has possessed the authority of law, and but one evangelical national Church has been known in Prussia (Hase, Ch. Hist. page 568). Bishop Neander wrote, Die erste merkwiirdige Geistesrerscheinung des 19 Jahrh, (Dresden, 1804); published some of his Sermons (Berl. 1826, 2 volumes); and edited with Bretschneider u. Goldhorn the Journal fur-Prediger. (J.H.W.)

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