Mutzenbecher, Esdras Heinrich
Mutzenbecher, Esdras Heinrich a German theologian, was born at Hamburg March 23, 1744. He was educated at Hamburg and Gottingen, then acted for a while as tutor of the children of the baron of Steinberg. In 1774 he was appointed assistant of the ecclesiastical faculty and second minister of the university church at Gottingen, and while there he published his Philologische Bibliothek. In 1775 he was called as pastor to the evangelical church at the Hague, and in 1778 was appointed chief minister of all evangelical Lutheran congregations at Amsterdam, and in 1789 general superintendent and counsellor of the consistory of Oldenburg, where he died, December 21, 1801. His most important works are, J.C. Biel Novus Thesaurus philologicus sive Lexicon in lxx et alios interpretes et scriptores apocryphos Veteris Testamenti (Haga Comitum, 1779-80, 3 volumes, large 8vo): — Gesangbuch zur offentlichen und hauslichen Andacht fur das Herzogthum Oldenburg, nebst einem Anhange von Gebeten (Oldenburg, 1791, 8vo): — Der Kleine Katechismus Dr. Martin Luther's nach den funf Hauptstucken, mit kurzen Anmerkungen fur Lehrer und Schuler (ibid. 1797, 12mo): — Gebete (Bremen, 1801, 8vo). See Doring, Gelehrte Theol. Deutschlands, s.v.