Muller, Johann Caspar
Muller, Johann Caspar a German Roman Catholic theologian, was born at Naumburg February 26, 1749, and was educated at Fritzlar. In 1766 he entered the gymnasium at Mentz, and afterwards studied philosophy and theology. After being admitted to the theological seminary, he was ordained, and appointed chaplain at Heppenheim, and one year later professor at Worms, also prefect of the gymnasium, and vicar of the churches of St. Mary's and of the Holy Cross; assistant of the theological faculty, and minister of the court military hospital of St. John the Baptist. It was his pleasure to give his time entirely to study and to the duties of the Church; but the French war compelled him to leave Mentz. He returned to Mentz after the Prussians had taken possession of that place. He, however, now resigned his ecclesiastical offices, only soon after to be appointed canon of the chapter of the church of St. Peter at Fritzlar, and also of the St. John of the Amoneburg. Later he was removed to Aschaffenburg, as principal of the gymnasium and provost of the prince-electoral grammar schools. In 1804 he was appointed professor extraordinary of ecclesiastical law at Marburg; in 1806 principal of the seminary for teachers of the three Christian confessions. He died November 3, 1810. Miller had a thorough knowledge of Church history, patristic theology, and exegesis, which he evinced by his Dissertatio de Socinianis and Harmonie der vier Evangelisten, and similar works. He contributed often to the Mainzer theologische Monatsschriften, Schuderoff's Journal zur Veredlung des Prediger- und Schullehrerstandes (Jahrgang 5, Bd. 1, St. 1), and several other journals. His most important works are in the department of the classics. Among these are, Titi Livii Patav. Historiarum liber primus et selecta quaedam capita, scholis Moguntinensibus adornavit (Mentz, 1780, 8vo): — Eutropii Breviarium historiae Romanae, scholis Moguntiacis in quibus Latinitatis initia docentur adornavit (ibid. 1781, 8vo): — Quinti Horatii Flacci Odae selectae, scholis Moguntiacis edidit (ibid. 1784, 8vo): — Diss. historico- theologica de ortu, vero religionis systemate, progressu, statu hodierno sectae Unitariae seu Socinianae, ac de prono e secta Protestantium ad illam transitu, quam cum thesibus ex universa theologia selectis defendit (ibid. 1784, 8vo; 2d edit. ibid. 1787, 8vo): — M.T. Ciceronis orationes selectae 9, scholiis adornavit. Editio secunda aucta et emendata (ibid. 1787, 8vo): — Der Triumph der Philosophie im 18ten Jahrhundert (Frankf. a. M. 1803, 2 volumes, 8vo): — Geschichte der Romer, for studirende und gebildete Leser, aus den Quellen dargestellt. 1ste Abtheilung vom Anfange des kleinen Staats bis zum Ende der grossen Republik (ibid. 1805, 8vo). See Doring, Gelehr. Theol. Deutschlands, s.v.