Montolivetenses a name given to the monks of Mount Olivet, because living in a residence so called. The Montolivetenses dress in white serge, and profess the rule of St. Benedict. They sprang up in the 14th century, were approved by pope John XXI, and confirmed by Gregory XI in 1371. They trace their origin to St. Bernard Ptolornei of Sienna, and their first monastery was at Ancona; but the order soon spread through Italy and Sicily. SEE MONKS, EASTERN.