Miz'raim (Heb. Mitsra'yim, מַצרִיַם, if of Heb. origin, meaning two mounds or fortresses, SEE MAZOR, but the word is, perhaps, of foreign [Egyptian or even Arabic] derivation; Sept. Μεσραϊvν; but usually in all the versions, "Egypt" or "Egyptians"), the name by which the Hebrews generally designated Egypt, apparently' from its having been peopled by Mizraim, the second son of Ham (Ge 10:6,13). B.C. post 2513. SEE ABEL- MIZRAIM. The name is in the dual form, double Egypt, and seems to have originally among the Hebrews at least, denoted lower and upper Egypt by zeugma, as we now say the two Sicilies, for Sicily and Naples (Ge 45:20; Ge 46:34; Ge 47:6,13). This origin appears to have been afterwards left out of view, and the dual form is sometimes so employed as not to include Pathros or Upper Egypt (Isa 11:11; Jer 44:15). Some writers ineptly refer the dual form of Mizraim to the two parts of Egypt as divided by the Nile. Lower Egypt appears to have been designated by the name Mazor (2Ki 19:24; Isa 37:25). The ancient Hebrew name Mizraim is still preserved in the abbreviated form Aluzr, the existing Arabic name of Egypt. SEE EGYPT.