Meratha'im (Hebrews Meratha'yim, מרָתִיַם, double rebellion; Sept. πικρῶς,Vulg. dominantes), a name given to Babylon (Jer 50:21), symbolical of its intensely perverse character (see Henderson, Comment. ad loc.). The expression." the land of two dominations" seems especially to allude " to the double captivity which Chaldaea had inflicted on the. nation of Israel (Jer 50:21). This is the opinion of Gesenius, Furst, Michaelis (Bibel fui Ungelehrten), etc., and in this sense the word is taken by the versions generally, excepting that of Junius and Tremellius, which the A.V. — as in other instances — has followed here."