Mattithi'ah (Heb. Mattithyah', מִתַּתיָה, gift of Jehovah, compare θεόδοτος, Theodore; also in the prolonged form Mattithya'hu, מִתַּתיָהוּ, 1Ch 15:18,21; 1Ch 25:3,21; Sept. Ματταθίας, but in Ezr 10:43 Μαθθαθίας v. r. Ματθανίας; so also Ματταθίας , 1 Macc. 2:1; Lu 3:25-26) the name of three or four men in the Old Test. and of one or two (Auth. Vers. "Mattathias") in the New. SEE MATTATHAH; SEE MATTHEW; SEE MATTHIAS, etc.; and especially SEE MATTATHIAS.
1. One of the sons of the Levite Jeduthun, appointed by David chief of the fourteenth section of the Temple musicians (1Ch 25:3,21). B.C. 1014. He is probably the same with one of the Levitical wardens who were assigned to the performance of the sacred anthems on the removal of the sacred ark to Jerusalem (1Ch 15:18,21; 1Ch 16:5). B.C. cir. 1043.
2. An Israelite of the "sons" (residents) of Nebo, who divorced his Gentile wife after the Babylonian exile (Ezr 10:43). B.C. 459. He was possibly identical with No. 4.
3. The eldest son of Shallum, a Levite of the family of Korah, who had charge of the baked offerings of the Temple on the re-establishment after the exile (1Ch 9:31). B.C. cir. 440.
4. One of those (apparently chief Israelites) who supported Ezra on the right hand while reading the law to the people after the captivity (Ne 8:4). B.C. cir. 410.
5. A person named in Lu 3:26 as the son of Semei, among the maternal ancestors of Jesus; but as no such name appears in the parallel passages of the Old Test., and would here unduly protract the interval limited by other intimations of the generations, it is probably interpolated from No. 6. (See Strong's Harm. and Expos. of the Gospels, p. 16.)
6. The son of Amos and father of Joseph, among the maternal ancestry of Jesus after the close of the O.-Test. genealogy (Lu 3:25). B.C. post 406.