Martin, Conrad

Martin, Conrad a Roman Catholic prelate of Germany, was born May 18, 1812, at Geismar, Prussia, and studied under Allioli and Dollinger, as well as under Gesenius, Tholuck, and Tuch. For some time religious instructor at Cologne, Martin was, in 1844, appointed professor and inspector of the clerical seminary in Bonn. In 1856 he was elected bishop of Paderborn, and from that time was the obedient servant of the papal see. As a member of the Vatican Council, he belonged to those bishops who advocated the infallibility of the pope. He was the first who openly protested against the Prussian May-laws of 1873, and thus he came in conflict with the government. He was fined, and finally imprisoned at Wesel. He escaped into Belgium, and died in exile, July 19, 1879, at St. (Guibert. He was buried at Paderborn. He wrote, Lehrbuch der katholischen Religion fur hohere Lehranstalten (5th ed. Mayence, 1873): — Lehrbuch der

katholischezn Moral (5th ed. ibid. 1865): — Die Wissenschaft von den gottlichen Dingen (3d ed. ibid. 1869): — Die Arbeiten des vatikasnischen Konzils (Paderborn, 1870): — Vaticani Concilii Documentorum Collectio (ibid. 1871): — Drei Jahre aus meinzen Leben (Mayence, 1877), describing his imprisonment and escape: Blicke zis Jenseits (ibid. 1877): — Zeitbilder (ibid. 1879, posthumous). (B.P.)

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