Marheineke, Philip Konrad

Marheineke, Philip Konrad, an eminent German theologian and writer, was born at Hildesheim May 1, 1780. He studied theology at Göttingen, where he was made a professor in 1805. He afterwards became successively professor in the University of Heidelberg in 1807, and professor in the university, and, in 1810, minister of the Trinity Church of Berlin, as colleague of the renowned Schleiermacher. He died in the capital of Prussia, May 31, 1846.

Marheineke's studies were especially directed towards Christian symbolics and dogmatics, which he treated from the speculative stand-point of Daub and Hegel. He was, indeed, the head of that fraction of the Hegelian school which asserted the coincidence of the Hegelian philosophy with Christianity. He was equally distant from the strict orthodox views held by the Lutheran, as from Rationalism, or from the old supernaturalism. He wrote Gesch. d. christlichen Moral seit d. Anfange d. Reformation (Nuremb. 1805): — Universalhistorie d. Christenthums (Erlangen, 1806): — Christliche Symbolik (Heidelb. 1810-13, 3 vols.): — Grundriss d. Homiletik (Hamb. 1811; 2d edit. 1827): — institutiones symbolicae (1812; 3d edit. 1830): — Aphorismen z. Erneuerung d. Kirchlichen Lebens (1814): — Predigten (1814-18): — Geschichte d. deutschen Reformation (Berl. 1816, 2 vols.; 2d edit. 1831-34, 4 vols.): — Grutndlehren d. christlichen Dogmatik (Berl. 1819; other edit. 1827): — Ottomar. Gespriche 2: — Fireiheit d. Willens u. gittliche Gnade (Berl. 1821): — Lehabuck d. christl. Glaubens u. Lebens (Berl. 1823; 2d edit. 1836): — Betrachtungen u. d. Lebe d. Lehre d. Welterlssers (Berl. 1823): — Ueber d. wahre Stelle d. liturgischen Rechtes (1825): — Katechismus d. christlichen Lehre (1825; 2d edit. 1840): — Entlwurl' d. praktischen Theolqie (Berl. 1837): — Predigten z. Vertheidigu g d. evangelischen Kirche gegen d. papstliche (1839): — Einleitung in d. ojfentl. Vorlesungen 2:s. Bedeutvng d. Degelschen Philosophie in d. christl. Theologie (Berl. 1842): — Das gottesdienstliche Leben d. Christen (Magdeb. 1842): — Zur Kritik der Schellinyschen Ofenbarungs philosophie (Berl. 1843): — Der Erzbishop Clemens August als Friedenstifter zwischen Staat u. Kirche (Berl. 1843): — Die Reform der Kirche durch den Staat (1844): — Kurze Erzahlung d. Refornzation (1846). After his death his lectures were published under title Vlorlesungen uber die christliche Dogmatik (1847); iiber die theologqische Moral (1847); iuber die christliche Symbolik (1848); and über die Dogmsengeschichte (1849). See Saintes, list. of German Rationalism, p. 284; Kahnis, Mod. German Protestantisnm, p. 244 sq.; Morell, Hist. of Mod. Philos. 2:199, 203; Bretschneider, Dogmatik, 1:115 sq.; Farrar, Crit. Hist. of Free Thought, p. 265; and the excellent articles in Wagner, Staats- Lexikon, s.v.; Pierer, Universal-Lexikon, 10:871; Herzog, Real- Encyklopädie, 9:62.

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