Lyser a name common to a number of eminent Lutheran theologians of Germany, of whom we mention:
1. CHRISTIAN, doctor of theology, pastor and superintendent at Sangerhausen, who died October 5, 1671, is the author of Dissensus Lutheranorum et Jansenistarum.
2. FRIEDRICH, who died in 1645, doctor of theology, is the author of Disp. Inauguralis de Dicto Apostolico Romans 4:22, 23.
3. FRIEDRICH WILHELM, son of Polycarp III, was born at Leipsic, September 4, 1622. He studied at. different universities, was in 1650 Saturday-preacher at Leipsic, in 1651 deacon at Halle, in 1662 superintendent at Langensalza, in 1664 cathedral-preacher at Magdeburg, and died August 25, 1691.
4. JOHANNES, brother of Friedrich Wilhelm, was born September 30, 1631. In 1664 he was inspector and pastor at Pforte. Being an advocate of polygamy, he was dismissed. He roamed about through Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Italy, and France. In the latter country he died, in 1684.
5. POLYCARP I (q.v.).
6. POLYCARP II, son of Polycarp I, was born November 20, 1586, at Wittenberg, where he was also promoted as doctor of theology. He wrote, Centuria Quaestionum Theologicarum de Articulis Christianae Concordiae: — An Syncretismus in Rebus Fidei cuin Calvinianis coli Possit, et in Politica Conversatione: — ( Comment. in Augustanam Confessionem: et Formulam Concordiae: — Analysis Scholastica et Theologica in Epistolam ad Galatas.: — Dissert. de Sacramentis. Lyser died January 15, 1633.
7. POLYCARP III, was born at Halle, July 1, 1656. He studied at Jena and Leipsic, and commenced his academical career at the latter place in 1682. In 1685 he was pastor at Magdeburg, in 1687 superintendent, in 1690 doctor of theology, in 1695 general superintendent, and' died Oct. 11,1725.
8. WILHELM, born at Dresden, October 26, 1592, studied at different universities, and died at Wittenberg, February 8, 1649, doctor and professor of theology. He wrote, Trifolium Verae Religionis Veteris Testamenti Adamitiae, Abrahamitic et Israeliticae: — Summarium Locorum Theologicorum: — Systema Thetico-Exegeticumn: — Disquisitio de Praedestinatione: — Excitationes 21 in Evangelium. Joannis: — Diss. de Genealogia Christi ad Matthew 1:1-16. See Jocher, Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexikon, s.v. (B.P.)