Lawrence, Sir Henry Montgomery

Lawrence, Sir Henry Montgomery brother of sir Thomas Lawrence, the "Savior of India," is noted for his philanthropy and Christian bearing as a soldier in the British army in India. He was born in Ceylon in 1806, and after entering the army quickly rose to distinction. In the campaigns of the Sutlej he served with distinction, and about 1850 was appointed president of the board of government in the Punjaub, and in 1857, when the Indian mutiny broke out, chief commissioner of Lucknow, and virtually governor of Oude. While in command of the handful of heroic men who defended the women and children in the residency of Lucknow, sir Henry was wounded by the explosion of a shell, and died July 4,1857. He was the founder of the Lawrence Asylum for the reception of the children of European soldiers in India. A monument to his memory has been placed in St. Paul's Cathedral. See J.W. Kaye, Lives of Indian Oficers (London, 1867); Fraser's Magaazine, December 1857; North British Review, May 1860; Butler, Land of the Veda, page 319 sq.

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