Lambert, Bernard

Lambert, Bernard a French theologian, the last of the Jansenistic school, was born at Salernes, Provence, in 1738. When made professor of theology, Lambert published some theses, which were at once censured by the Roman see, and he had to leave Limoges in consequence. He then went to Grenoble, where he remained some time. The episcopal see of Lyons was then occupied by the famous Montazet, who gathered about himself all opposed to the Jesuits, including Lambert. When Lambert went to Paris, monsieur de Beaumont, an opponent of the Jansenists, was archbishop there, and refused to receive father Lambert into his diocese; but some bishops interfered in his behalf, and he was admitted on condition that he would write only against philosophers and unbelievers. Lambert died at Paris, February 27, 1813. Of his many writings we mention, Apologie de l'Etat Religieux: Traite sur le Sacrifice de Jesus Christ (1778): — Idee de l'Oeuvre des Secours Selon les Sentiments de ses Veritables Defenseurs (1786): — Traite Dogmatique et Moral de la Justice Chretienne (1788): — La Verite et la Saintete du Christianisme (1796): — Exposition des Predictions et des Promesses Faites a l'Eglise (1806, 2 volumes), a work in which he admits the doctrine of the Millenarians, and the theory of those who regarded the pope as antichrist. See Lichtenberger, Encyclop. des Sciences Religieuses, s.v. (B.P.)

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