Ladvocat, Jean Baptist
Ladvocat, Jean Baptist, a noted French theologian and author, was born at Vancoulcurs in the early part of the 17th century, and was educated first at Ponta-Mouson, afterwards in Paris at the Sorbonne, where he subsequently became a professor. In 1751 he was appointed to the chair, founded at his suggestion in the Sorbonne by the duke of Orleans, for the interpretation of the Old- Testament Scriptures according to the Hebrew text. He died in 1765. Ladvocat wrote Dictionnaire Geographique portatif: — Dictionm.. Historique portatif des grands honemles (2 vols. 8vo: this is an abridgment of Moreri, and is full of errors). He also wrote a Hebrew Grammar for the use of his pupils. Tractctfus de Conciliis in Genere; and Lettre dans laquellle il examine si les Textes originaux de l'Ecriture sont corrumpus et si la Vulgate leur est preferable. Ladvocat was, as an expositor of Scripture, a zealous disciple of Houbigant. He was also a correspondent of Dr. Kennicott, whose great work he zealously promoted, and he collated many MSS. for him in the Royal Library at Paris. Hook, Eccles. Biography, 6:506.
Lady is the rendering in the Auth. Vers. of the following terms in the original: גּבֶרֶת (gebe'reth, fern. of a גּביר, a nighty man), applied to Babylon as the mistress of nations (Isa 47:5,7; elsewhere a "mistress," as opposed to a maid-servant, Ge 16:4,8-9; 2Ki 5:3; Pr 30:23; Ps 123:2; Isa 24:2); שָׂרָה (saruta', fem. of שִׂר, noble; the same as the name given to Sarai), a noble female (Jg 5:29; Es 1:18; elsewhere a " princess," spec. the king's wives of noble birth, 1Ki 11:13, different from concubines, comp. Song 6:8; "queen," Isa 49:23; " princess" among provinces, La 1:1); κυρία (fem. of κύριος, lord or master), mnistress, occurs only as an epithet of a Christian female (2Jo 1:1,5), either as an honorable title of regard, or as a fem. proper name CYRI SEE CYRI .