Kutschker, Johann Baptist

Kutschker, Johann Baptist a Roman Catholic prelate, was born April 11, 1810, at Wiese, in Austro- Silesia. He studied at Olmutz, was made priest in 1833, and doctor of theology in 1834. From that time on till 1851 he acted as professor of moral theology at Olmutz, was then appointed court-chaplain at Vienna, and in 1862 cathedral-provost and general-vicar of the Vienna diocese. He was the right hand of cardinal. Rauscher (q.v.), and took an active part in all ecclesiastical affairs. At the special request of the latter he was appointed his successor, and his appointment as prince-archbishop of Vienna was made in 1876. In 1877 he was made cardinal, and died January 27, 1881. He was a very moderate prelate, and Austria owes it to, him that she was enabled to bring about the present religious legislation, without coming into a bitter conflict with the Roman see. He always went with the government party. He wrote, Die gemischten Ehe, von dem katholisch- kirchlichen Standpunkte (3d ed. Vienna, 1842): — Das Eherecht der katholischen Kirche (1856-57, 5 volumes). (B.P.)

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