Krummacher, Friedrich Adolf

Krummacher, Friedrich Adolf, a German theologian and poet, was born at Tecklenburg, in Westphalia, July 13, 1767, and was educated at the universities of Lingen and Halle. At the latter school he enjoyed the instruction of " the elder Knapp," the so justly celebrated " pious" professor of the university at that time. In 1800, after having filled various positions of trust, he was appointed professor of theology at the University of Duisburg, where he remained until 1806. He then became successively pastor of Krefeld, Kettwich, Bernburg, and Bremen. His talents as preacher and administrator caused him to be appointed court preacher and Church superintendent. He died at Bremen April 14, 1845. Friedrich Adolph Krummacher deserves special commendation in this work for his piety and the noble Christian example he furnished to his sons. and which became manifest in their lives, sEE KRUMMACHER, FRIEDRICH WHILELM. He is especially known for his parables in verse, which have become classic in Germany, and, though he has had many imitators in this line, he has never been surpassed. His works are, Die Liebe, a hymn (Wesel, 1801; 2d ed. 1809):-Parabeln (Duisburg, 1805; 8th ed. Essen, 1850; French. Par. 1821; English, Lond. 1844, 8vo, and often): — Apologien und Paramythien (Duisburg, 1810): - Festbiichlein, eine Schriftfur's Volk (Duisb. 1810, 2 vols.; 3d edit. Duisb. 1819-21, 3 vols.): — Die Kinderwelt (Duisb. 1806,1813), a series of sacred poems for children: — Johannes, a drama (Lpz. 1815): — Ueber d. Geist u. d. Form d. evanyelischen Gesch. in histor. u. cesthetisch. Hinsicht (Lpz. 1805), by far his most important theological work: — Bibelkatechismlus (Essen, 1844, 12th edit.): — Katechismus d. christl. Lehre (Essen, 1821; 6th ed. 1841):-Die christl. Volksschule irm Bunde nd. Kirche (Essen, 1823; 2d edit. 1825):- St. Ansgar, te. alte und d. neue Zeit (Bremen, 1828) : — Der Hauptmann Cornelius (Bremen, 1829; English, London, 1838, 12mo; 1839, 12mo, with notes by Fergusson; 1840, 12mo): — Das Leben des heiligen Johannes (Essen, 1833; Engil., Lond. 1849, 8vo) : - Das Taubchen (Essen, 1840, 3d ed.). See Moller, F. A. Krummacher u. . Fsrelnde (Brem. 1849, 2 vols.); Herzog, Real-Encyklop. 8:118 sq.; Brit. and For. Evangel. Rev. lxix, 627. (J. H. W.)

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