Krause, Heinrich

Krause, Heinrich a Protestant writer of Germany, was born at Weissensee, near Berlin, June 2, 1816. He studied theology under Twesten and Neander at Berlin, and at one time thought of devoting himself to lecturing at the university. With great success he passed the examination as licentiate, in 1843, and published an essay, Ueber die Wahrnhaftigkeit (Berlin, 1844), which obtained the approval of professor Nitzsch. When about to commence his public lectures at the university, he met with an opposition, the head of which was his former teacher, Twesten. Krause abandoned the theological career, and betook himself to journalism. In 1852 he commenced publishing Die Protestantische Kirchenzeitung, to which he devoted all his talents. The Kirchenzeitung, as the organ of the so-called Protestanten- Verein, became the battle-field against orthodoxy, and Krause's pen was especially directed against men like Hengstenberg, Stahl, and Leo. In his attacks, Krause was supported by such liberal theologians as Sydow, Jonas, Zittel, Karl Hase, Karl Schwarzi,and others. Besides his journalistic work, Krause lectured in public on religious subjects. In 1864 the university at Zurich honored him with the doctorate of theology. Krause died at his native place, June 8, 1868. See H. Spahth, Protestantische Bausteine. Leben und Wirken des Dr. Heinrich Krause nebst einer Auswahl aus seinen publicistischen Arbeiten (Berlin, 1873); Strohlin, in Lichtenberger, Encyclop. des Sciences Religieuses, s.v. (B.P.)

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