Kollenbusch (Also Collenbusch), Samuel, Md
Kollenbusch (Also Collenbusch), Samuel, M.D., an eminent German pietist, and the founder of a theological school, was born of pious parents in the town of Barmen (Rhenish Prussia), Sept. 1,1724. He hesitated long between theology and medicine, but finally decided for the latter, and studied at Duisburg and Strasburg. Through all his studies, however, he did not forget to attend to his spiritual improvement, and attained great Christian self-control and perfection. While studying at Strasburg he began to inquire into mysticism and alchemy, which were then considered as having a close connection with each other. Upon the completion of his university studies he began the practice of medicine at Duisburg, but in 1784 retired to Barmen, and there spent the remainder of his life, partly in the practice of medicine, partly in disseminating his peculiar religious views. He died Sept. 1,1803. Dr. Kollenbusch can, in many respects, be considered entitled to a place between the mystic separatist Tersteegen (q.v.), born twenty-seven years before him, and J ung-Stulling (q.v.), sixteen years younger. Like the latter, he first inclined to Leibnitz and Wolf's philosophical system, then became a Bengelian, though without approving all Bengel's views. He attached especial importance to the visions of Dorotheo Wuppermann, of Wichlinghausen, a patient of his attacked with hysterics. Among the results of Dr. Kollenbusch's practical activity are to be named the Barmen Missionary Society, and the Barmen Mission establishment. He wrote Erklarung biblischer Wahrheiten (Elberf. 1807): — Goldene Aepfel in silbernen Schalen (Barmen, 1854). See T. W. Krug, Die Lehre d. Dr. K.,
etc. (Elberfeld, 1846); same, Kritische Gesch. d.protest.-relig. Schwarmerei, etc. (Elberfeld, 1851) ; Baur, Die Dreieinigkeitslehre, p. 655 sq.; Hase, Dogmatik, p. 344 sq.; Hagenbach, Hist. of Doctrines, ii, § 300.