Kimchi, Moses, Ben-joseph

Kimchi, Moses, Ben-Joseph (also called Remak, from the initial letters רמ8ק = ר8 משה קמחי), eldest son of the preceding (Joseph), flourished about 11601170. Though far inferior in ability to his father and brother, he has earned an honorable place as a commentator and grammarian. His works are:

(1.) Commentary on Proverbs (or פרוש ספר משלי) (printed in the Rabbinic Bibles of Jacob ben-Chajim,Ven. 1526, 1548; Buxtorf, Basel, 1619; and Frankfurter, Amst. 1724-27). This work has been falsely ascribed to Aben-Ezra. Compare Reifmann, in Literaturblatt des Orients,

1841, p. 750, 751; Zion (F. a. M. 1841), i, 76; Lippmann, in Zion (F. a. M. 1842), ii, 113-117, 129-133, 155-157, 171-174, 185-188:

(2.) Commentary on Ezra and Nehemiah (also printed in the Rabbinical Bibles, and erroneously attributed to Aben-Ezra):

(3.) A grammatical work, entitled מהל ִשבילי הדעת (or Journey on the Paths of Knowledge), which became a manual for both Jews and Christians beginning the study of Hebrew grammar. It was highly commended by Elias Levita, who annotated and edited it in 1508. It was afterwards published, with a Latin translation, by Seb. Munster (Basel, 1531), and since frequently, with diverse additions and modifications. " The chief merit of this little volume consists in the fact that M. Kimchi was the first to employ therein the word פקד as a paradigm of the regular verbs, instead of the less appropriate verb media gutturalis פעל, which had been used by his predecessors, in imitation of Arabic grammarians :"-(4.) A grammatical treatise on the anomalous expressions, entitled תחבושת ספר, quoted by D. Kimchi in the Miklol. See Biesenthal and Lebrecht's edition of D. Kimchi's Radicum Liber (Berlin, 1847), col. 38 sq.; Fiirst, Bibliotheca Judaica, ii, 187 sq.; Steinschneider, Catalogus Libr. Hebr. in Bibliotheca Bodleiana, col. 1838-1844; by the same author, Bibliographisches Handbuch (Leipzig, 1859), p. 74 sq.; Geiger's Ozar Nechnrad, ii, 17 sq.; Ginsburg, in Kitto, Bibl. Cyclop. ii, s.v.

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