Kaddish (קִדַּישׁ), in Jewish usage, means a prayer said by a son for his deceased father or mother during the first eleven months after their death. This prayer has to be repeated morning and evening at the close of the synagogue service, and runs thus, "May his great name be exalted and sanctified throughout the world, which he has created according to his will. May he establish his kingdom in our lifetime, and in the lifetime of the whole house of Israel, soon, and in a short time, and say ye Amen, Amen. May his great name be blessed and glorified for ever and evef. May his hallowed name be praised, glorified, exalted, magnified, honored, and most excellently adored; blessed is he, far exceeding all blessings, hymns, praises, and beatitudes that are repeated throughout the world, and say ye Amen. May our prayer be accepted with mercy and kindness. May the prayers and supplications of the whole house of Israel be accepted in the presence of their Father, who is in heaven, and say ye Amen. Blessed be the name of the Lord, from henceforth and forevermore. May the fulness of peace from heaven, with life, be granted unto us, and all Israel, and say ye Amen. My help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth. May he who maketh peace in his high heavens bestow peace upon us, and on all Israel, and say ye Amen." Besides this Kaddish, there is also one used by the rabbins after having delivered a lecture or completed their study. This is called the "Kaddish of the Rabbins," and runs thus, "Unto Israel, their rabbins, their disciples, and all their successors, who diligently study the law, who are in this and every other place; may there be unto them, and to you, abundant peace, grace, favor, mercy, long life, enlarged maintenance, and redemption, from the presence of the Lord of heaven and earth, and say ye Amen. May the fulness of peace,"' etc. See Hamburger, Real-Encyklop. s.v. (B.P.)

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