Junilius of Africa

Junilius Of Africa, generally believed to have been bishop in the 6th century, is known by his work De partibus divine legis, dedicated to a certain bishop Primasius, probably the one of Hadrumetum who in 553 indorsed the Constitutum of Vigilius. Junilius himself claimed no originality, but acknowledged his obligation to a certain Paulus of Persia, supposed to have been Paulus of Bassora, who afterwards became metropolitan of Nisibis (though he was not a Persian). The work is in the form of a dialogue between a master and his pupil, and is a sort of introduction to the sacred writings. The first book, on Scripture, is divided into two parts, on the outward expression and the inward meaning; the outward expression contains five particulars — the species of writing, its authority, its author, its style, and its order of place. The inward meaning has reference especially to three particulars, God, this world, and the next. The second book treats of this world, its creation, its government, the properties and accidents of nature, the nature of will, and the consequences and results of will. Junilius then speaks of types, of predictions before and under the law concerning Christ and the calling of the Gentiles, and of Reason in its agreement with the commands of Scripture. Special attention is due to the fact that Junilius does not count the Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Job, Judith, Esther, and the Maccabees among canonical books. The work has been published as Junilii de Partibus Divinoe Legis, libri 2 (Basil. 1545, 8vo; Francfort ad Oder, 1603, 8vo; and in Biblioth. Patri. 1). — Herzog, Real-Encyklop. 7, 174 sq.; Clark, Success. of Sac. Lit. 2, 323.

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