Julien, Simon (called Julian of Paarma), an eminent French painter, was born at Toulon in 1736, studied under Bardou at Marseilles, and afterwards visited Paris, where he became a pupil of Carlo Vanloo, and gained the grand prize of the Royal Academy. He then visited Rome with the royal pension, and remained in that city ten years. On returning to Paris he soon gained a reputation, and was elected a ancademician. Among his best performances is an altar-piece for the chapel of the archbishop of Paris, at Conflans, representing St. Anthony in a Trance. He died at Paris, February 23, 1800. See Spooner, Biog. Hist. of the Fine Arts, s.v.; Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v.