Josiphi'ah (Heb. Yosiphyah', יוֹסַפַיָה, increased by Jehovah; Sept. Ι᾿ωσεφία), one of the "sons" of Shelomith (as the Heb. text now stands), a chief Israelite, whose son (Ben-Josiphiah) returned with a company of 160 males under Ezra to Jerusalem (Ezr 8:10). B.C. 459. A word, however, has evidently fallen out of the Hebrew text in the beginning of the verse, and is supplied by the Sept. and the author of 1 Esdr. 8:36, as well as (less correctly) in the Syriac; namely, Βαανί (Βανίδ), i.e. בָּני, omitted from similarity to בּנֵי preceding; thus making Bani (q.v.) the son of Shelomith, and the leader of the party of returned exiles.