Jo'bab (Heb. Yobab', יוֹבָב, probably dweller in the desert, from the Arabic; Sept. Ι᾿ωβάβ, but in 1Ch 1:23, τὸν Εὐἱ καὶ τὸν ᾿Ωράμ, v.r. simply Ι᾿ωάβ), the name of several men.
1. The last-named of the sons of Joktan, and founder of a tribe in Arabia (Ge 10:29; 1Ch 1:23), B.C. post 2414. Bochart compares (Phaleg, 2, 29) the Jobaritoe (Ιωβαρῖται) of Ptolemy (6, 7, 24), a people on the eastern coast of Arabia, near the Socalitae, which, after Salmasius, he supposes to be for Jobabitoe; so also Michaelis (Spicileg. 2, 303; Supplem. 1013).
2. Son of Zerah of Bozrah, king of Edom after Bela and before Husham (Ge 36:33-34; 1Ch 1:44-45), B.C. prob. long ante 1617. The supposition that he was identical with the patriarch Job rests only upon the apocryphal addition to the book of Job in the Sept., and is utterly unworthy of credit. SEE JOB.
3. The Canaanitish king of Madon, one of those whose aid Jabin invoked in the struggle with the Israelites (Jos 11:1), B.C. 1617.
4. The first-named of the sons of Shaharaim by one of his wives, Hodesh or Baara of the tribe of Benjamin, although apparently born in Moab (1Ch 8:9), B.C. cir. 1612.
5. One of the "sons" of Elpaal, a chief of Benjamin, at Jerusalem (1Ch 8:18), B.C. probably cir. 588.