Jehoi'arib (Hebrew Yehôyarib', יהוֹיָרַיב whose cause Jehovah defends; Sept. Ι᾿ωαρείβ or Ι᾿αρείβ v.r. Ι᾿ωαρίμ; 1Ch 9:10; 1Ch 24:7 only; elsewhere, both in Heb. and A.V., the name is abbreviated to JOIARIB), a distinguished priest at Jerusalem (1Ch 9:10), head of the first of the twenty-four sacerdotal "courses" (1Ch 24:7). B.C. 1014. Of these courses, only four are mentioned as having returned from Babylon — those of Jedaiah, Immer, Pashur, and Harim (Ezr 2:36-39; Ne 7:39-42); and Jewish tradition says that each of these was divided into six, so as to preserve the original number with the original names (Talm. Hieros. Taanith, ch. 4, p. 68, col. 1 in ed. Bomberg). This might account for our finding, at a later period, Mattathias described as of the course of Joarib (1 Macc. 2:1), even though this course did not return from Babylon (Prideaux, Connection, 1, 136, 8th ed.). We find, however, that some of the descendants of Jehoiarib did return from Babylon (1
Chronicles 9:10; Ne 11:10; SEE JEDAIAH ); we find, also, that in subsequent lists other of the priestly courses are mentioned as returning, and in one of these that of Jehoiarib is expressly mentioned (Ne 10:2-8; Ne 12:1-7), and mention is made of Mattenai as chief of the house of Joiarib in the days of Jeshua (Ne 12:19). The probability, therefore, is, that the course of Jehoiarib did go up, but at a later date, perhaps, than those four mentioned in Ezr 2:36-39, and Ne 7:39-42. To the course of Joiarib Josephus tells us he belonged (Ant. 11, 6, 1; Life, § 1). SEE PRIEST.