Ja'shen (Heb. Yashen'. יָשֵׁן, sleeping, as in Song 7:10, etc.; Septuag. Ι᾿ασέν v.r. Α᾿σάν), a person, several of whose "sons" are named as among David's famous bodyguard (2Sa 23:32), called in the parallel passage HASHEM the Gizonite (1Ch 11:34). Other discrepancies also occur between the two passages: the former names three, while the latter makes the first (Jonathan) son of the next, and both (with slight verbal variations) assign special patronymics to the last two. Perhaps the two accounts may best be reconciled by understanding the two braves referred to as being Jonathan BenShammah (or Ben-Shageh), and Ahiam Ben-Sharar (or Ben-Sacar), grandsons of Jashen (or Hashem) of Gizon, in the mountains of Judah hence called Hararites. B.C. considerable ante 1046. This name Kennicott believes (Dissertation, i, 201-3) lies concealed in the word rendered "the Gizonite" in Chronicles, and accordingly proposes to read in both places "Gouni, of the sons of Hashem; Jonathan, the son of Shamha the Hararite "his view being supported by the Alex. copy of the Sept., which reads υἱοὶ Α᾿σὰμ ὁ Γωϋνὶ Ι᾿ωνάθαν νίὸς Σαγὴ ὀ Α᾿ραρί. However, the want of the מ before בנֵי, and the ה prefixed to the name read by him as Goumni are objections to this view, and Bertheau may probably be right (Chronik. p. 134), that בַנֵי is due to a repetition of the last three letters of the preceding word, "the Shaalbonite" (הִשִׁעִלבֹנַי), and that we should simply read Hashem the Gizonite. In the list given by Jerome, in his Quaestiones Hebraicae, Jashen and Jonathan are both omitted. SEE DAVID.

Bible concordance for JASHEN.

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

Topical Outlines Nave's Bible Topics International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Online King James Bible King James Dictionary

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