James, St, Liturgy of

James, St., Liturgy of a form of service which was very early used in the patriarchate of Antioch; the 'Monophysites using it in Syriac and the orthodox in Greek, this last having in it many interpolations from the liturgies of other places. 'Palmer, in his Origines Liturgiae, with which Neale (Introd. Edst. Ch. p. 318) agrees, says, "There are satisfactory means of ascertaining the order, substance, and generally the expressions of the solemn liturgy used all through the patriarchate of Antioch and Jerusalem before the year 451; that the liturgy thus ascertained coincides with the notices which the fathers of that country give concerning their liturgy during the 5th and 4th centuries; that this liturgy was used in the whole patriarchate of Antioch in the 4th century with little variety; that it prevailed there in the 3rd century, and even in the 2nd. The liturgy of St. James may- therefore be considered to have originated near the time of the birth of Christianity; at least in the first century of our tera" (comp. Neale, Introd. East. Ch. bk. 3:ch. 1, especially p. 819).

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