Jacobus Baradeus, a Monophysite bishop of Edessa, is said to have been born at Tela or Constantia, fifty-five miles east of Edessa, towards the close of the 5th century. He was early trained in the ministry, became a noted ascetic, was called to the Byzantine court, but lived there a complete recluse, and was made bishop nominally of Edessa, but virtually metropolitan, A.D. 541. Amid the disastrous and troublesome period in which he lived, his courage and energy prolonged the cause of the party to which he belonged, especially in the famous quarrel with Paul of Antioch. He died suddenly, July 30, 578. A Liturgy is incorrectly ascribed to him (Renaudot, Lit. Or. 1:332), also a Catechesis, largely used by the Jacobites (Cave, Hist. Lit. 1:524). See Smith, Dict. of Christ. Biog. s.v.