Jaäzani'ah (Heb. Yaazanyah', יִעֲזִניָה , heard by Jehovah; also in the prolonged form Yaazanya'hu, יִעֲזִניָהוּ [-2Ki 25:23; Eze 8:11]; sometimes in the contracted form Yezanyah', יזִניָה, "Jezaniah" [Jer 42:1], or Yezanmyahu, יזִניָהוּ, "Jezaniah" [Jeremiah 40:8]; Septuag. Ι᾿εζονίας, but Α᾿ζαρίας in Jer 42:1; vulg. Jezanias), the name of four men about the time of the Captivity.
1. The son of Jeremiah, and one of the chief Rechabites (i.e. sheik) whom the prophet tested with the offer of wine (Jer 35:3). B.C. 606. SEE JEHONADAB.
2. The son of Shaphan, whom Ezekiel in his vision saw standing in the midst of the seventy elders offering idolatrous incense in the "chambers of imagery" at Jerusalem (Eze 8:11). B.C. 593.
3. The son of Azur, and one of the "princes" among the twenty-five men seen in vision by the same prophet at the east gate of the Temple, and represented as encouraging the city in its wicked pride (Eze 11:1). B.C. 593
4. The son of Hoshaiah, a Maachathite, who acted in conjunction with Johanan, the son of Kareah, after the downfall of Jerusalem, first in submitting to the Babylonian governor Gedaliah, and, after his assassination, in requesting Jeremiah's advice as to the proper course for the people to pursue (2Ki 25:23; Jer 40:8; Jer 42:1). He appears to have assisted in recovering Ishmael's prey from his clutches (comp. Jer 41:11). After that he probably went to Egypt with the rest (Jer 43:4-5). He is doubtless the same person called AZARIAH, the son of Hoshaiah, who rejected the divine counsel thus asked, and insisted on fleeing into Egypt (Jer 43:1). B.C. 587. SEE JEREMIAH.