Ith, a German theologian and philosopher of some note, was born at Berne, Switzerland, in 1747. In 1781 he was appointed to the chair of philosophy at the university of his native place, where he had also pursued his studies, but in 1796 he entered the ministry, and settled at Siselen, where he lived until 1799, when he was elected dean and president of the committee of education and religion in the canton of Berne. He died in 1813. Besides a number of philosophical, philological, psuedogogical, and even homiletical works, he wrote Versuch einer Anthropologie oder Philosophie der Menschen (Berne, 1794-5, 2 vols.; new edit. 1803 sq.), which is a very valuable work: — Verhatnisse d. Staats z. Religion u. Kirche (ibid. 1798, 8vo): — Sittenlehre der Braninen (ibid. 1794, 8vo), really a reproduction of his translation of Ezour- Vidam, an old Hindu work on morals and religion. See Krug, Philos. Worterbuch, 2, 558. (J.H.W.)

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