Hetzel or Hezel, Johann Wilhelm Friedrich
Hetzel or Hezel, Johann Wilhelm Friedrich a German Orientalist and theologian, was born at Konigsberg May 16, 1754. He studied at the universities of Wittenberg and Jena, and was appointed professor of Oriental languages at Giessen in 1766. In 1800 he was made librarian of the University of that city, and in 1801 was called to the professorship of Oriental literature in the University of Dorpat, which office he held until 1820. He died Feb. 1,1829. Hetzel wrote a number of- works on-the study of Oriental languages, the principal of which are Ausfürliche hebräische Sprachlehre (Halle, 1777, 8vo): — Nominalformenlehre d. hebraischen Sprache (Halle, 1793, 8vo): — Institutio Philologi Hebraei (Halle, 1793, 8vo): — Gesch. d. hebraischen
Literatur (Halle, 1776): — Syrische Sprachlehre (Lemgo, 1788, 8vo): — Arabische Grammatik nebst einer kurzen arabischen Chrestomathie (Jena, 1776,8vo). Among his theological works, the most important are Die Bibel, Altes u. Neues Testament mit vollstandig erklarenden Bemerkungen (Lemgo, 1780-1791, 10 vols.): — Neuer Versuch 2. d. Brief and Hebraer (Lpz. 1795, 8vo): — Biblisches Real lexikon (Lpz. 1783-1785, 3 vols. roy. 8vo): — Geist d. Philosophie u. Sprache d. alten Welt (Lübeck, 1794, 8vo). See Eichhorn, Bibl. d. biblischen Literatur (5, 1022 sq.); Pierer, Universal Lex. 8, 360; Hoefer, Nouv. Biograph. Géneralé, 25, 598.