Herzog, Johann Jacob, Dd
Herzog, Johann Jacob, D.D.
a Protestant theologian of Germany, was born at Basle, September 12, 1805. He entered the university of his native town in 1822, and afterwards studied at Berlin. From 1835 till 1846 he held a professorship of historical theology in the Academy of Lausanne, and was involved with his colleagues, the distinguished Vinet and Chappuis, in the struggles which resulted in the formation of the Free Church of the Canton de Vaud. Here, at Basle, he published his Life of the Basle Reformer, OEcolampadius (1843, 2 volumes). In 1847 Herzog was invited to fill a chair at the University of Halle, where, in 1848, he published in the university programme, De Origine et Pistiss Statu Waldessium. In 1851 he received a commission from the Prussian government to visit Geneva, Paris, London, and Dublin, in order to investigate the sources for the history of the Waldenses. The result of thus mission was his work, Die romanischen Waldenser, etc. (1853). At this time, also, he conceived the plan of his Real Encyklopaedie fur protestantische Theologie und Kirche, which was published in 22 volumes from 1854 to 1868. After beginning this work he had left Halle for Erlangen, to succeed Dr. Ebrard as professor of reformed theology. In 1877 he retired from active academical duties. The last years of his life were occupied with his Abriss der gesammten Kirchengeschichte (1876-82, 3 volumes), and with the preparation of a second edition of his Real-Encyklopadie, which at the time of his death had reached the tenth volume, or the second third of the entire work. He died at Erlangen, September 30, 1882. Besides the works already mentioned, he also published, Les Freres de Plymouth et John Dairby (Lausanne, 1845) Bemerkungen uber Zwingli's Lehre von der Vorsehung und Gnadenwahl (in the Studien und Kritiken, 1839): and a biographical sketch, Johann Calvin (Basle, 1843). (B.P.)