Heineccius, Johann Michael

Heineccius, Johann Michael a Lutheran divine, was born at Eisenberg Dec. 12, 1674, and was educated at Jena, Frankfort, and Giessen. After a visit to Holland and Hamburg, he settled for a time in Helmstadt as tutor (Docent), but in 1699 became deacon at Goslar. In 1709 he removed to Halle as pastor, and in 1720 was appointed consistorial counselor and ecclesiastical inspector of the circle of the Saal (Saalkreis). He died Sept. 11,1722. His chief work, Eigentliche und woahrhafige Abbildung der alten und neuen griechischen Kirche nach ihrer historie, Glaubenslehren und Kirchengebrduchen (Leipsic, 1711), presents historically the doctrines, government, liturgy, and morals of the Greek. Church, ancient and modern. It is still a work of great value. Besides works in the departments of antiquities: and history, Heineccius wrote Prüfung der sogenannten neuen Propheten und ihres ausserordentlichen Aufstandes (Halle, 1715), against the French prophets (q.v.): Sendschreiben an Thomas Ittig wegen des Termini Gracaiae, on the Terminist controversy: — De Jurisconsultis Christianis priorumn sceculorun eorumque in ecclesiam meritis (Halle, 1713): — Colloquia religiosa publice et. privatim inter bina haec saecula habita (Halle and Magdeburg, 1719, 4to). — Herzog, Real-Encyklop. 19, 624; Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Géneralé, 23, 782; Sax, Onomasticon literarium, pt. 6:p. 45. (J. W. M.)

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