is the rendering in the Eng. Vers. of the following Hebrew words: חָרַיוֹ, charits' (lit. a cutting, hence a slice of curdled milk, "cheese," 1Sa 17:18) 'a tribulum or threshing (q.v.) sledge (2Sa 12:31; 1Ch 20:3); elsewhere only the verb שָׂדִד, sadad' (lit. to level off), to harrow a field (Job 39:10; "break the clods," Isa 28:4; Ho 10:11). See Kitto, Daily Bible Illust. 3, 39, 6, 397. The form of the ancient Hebrew harrow, if any instrument properly corresponding to this term existed, is unknown. Probably it was, — as still in Egypt (Niebuhr, Trav. 1, 151), merely a board, which was dragged over the fields to level the lumps. Among the Romans it consisted of a hurtle (crates) of rods with teeth (Pliny, 18. 43; comp. Virg. Georg. 1, 94). See generally Ugolini, Comm. de re rustica vett. Hebr. 5, 21 (in his Thesaur. 29:p. 332 sq.); Paul-sen, Ackerb. p. 96. "In modern Palestine, oxen are sometimes turned in to trample the clods, and in some parts of Asia a bush of thorns is dragged over the surface; but all these processes, if used, occur (not after, but) before the seed is committed to the soil." SEE AGRICULTURE.

Bible concordance for HARROW.

Definition of harrow

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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