Harlay-chanvallon, Francis De

Harlay-Chanvallon, Francis de archbishop of Rouen and afterwards of Paris, was born in the latter city Aug. 14, 1625. He studied at the College of Navarre, and was immediately appointed abbot of Jumieges by his uncle, the archbishop of Rouen, whom he succeeded in office, Dec. 28, 1651. The looseness of his, morals ill fitted him for such a position; yet, connecting himself with cardinal Mazarin, he managed to indulge his evil propensities without losing his credit. He represented the clergy at the coronation of Louis XIV in, 1654, and is said to have officiated at the marriage of this king with madame de Maintenon. His name, his fortune, and the flatteries he showered upon the king caused him to be made archbishop of Paris Jan. 3,1671, and he received numerous other marks of the royal Ia-vor. He died at Conflans, where he possessed a fine estate, Aug. 6, 1695. A ready eloquence was joined in him to great ambition, the utmost want of principles, and great intolerance. At Dieppe, where he was master as temporal lord, he obliged the Protestants to come to the cathedral and listen to the sermons he delivered. as spiritual lord. He was one of the prime movers of the revocation of the edict of Nantes. Although a: member of the French Academy, and very fond of making speeches, none of his discourses were published. He published, however, the Synodicon Parisiense, an account of all the synods held by his predecessors. See Legendre, Vie de Harlay (Par. 1720, 4to); Sevignd, Lettres (1818), 10:121, 128); Bausset, Hist. de Fenelon (2nd ed.), 1, 51, 55; Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Géneralé, 23, 403.

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