Hado'ram (Heb. Hadoramn', הֲדוֹרָם, "defectively" הֲדָֹרם in Chronicles'Furst suggests [Heb. Lex. s.v.]= הֲדוֹר רָם, Haudor [i.e. Ador, the fire-god; SEE HADRAMMELECH ] is exalted; the Samuel at Ge 10:27 has Adoram; Sept. in Ge 10:27, ῾Οδοῤῥἀ, Vulg. Aduram; in 1Ch 1:21, Κεδουράν; in 1Ch 18:10, Α᾿δουράμ.; in 2Ch 10:18, Α᾿δωράμ; Vulg. in all these last, Adoram), the name of three men…

1. ADORAM, the fifth son of Joktan, and progenitor of a tribe of the same name in Arabia Felix (Ge 10:27; 1Ch 1:21). B.C. post 2414. Bochart (Phaleg, 2, 20) compares the Dirmati or Drimnati on the Persian Gulf (Plin. 6:32), and the promontory Κορόδαμον (Ras el-Had) of Ptol. 6:7, 11. Michaelis (Spiciley. 2, 162) despairs of all identification of the tribe in question. Schulthess (Parad. p. 83) and Gesenius (Thes. Heb. s. 4.) think that the Adramitae are meant, whom Ptolemy (Α᾿δραμῖται, Geog. 6, 7) places on the southern shores of Arabia, between the Homeritae (Hamyarites) and the Sochalite, an account with which Pliny ("Atramitoe," Hist. Nat. 6, 28, 32; 12:14,30) substantially agrees. Winer, 1, 453. Fresnel cites an Arab author who identifies Hadoram with Jurhum (41'Lettre, Journ. Asiatique, 3 serie, 6:220); but this is highly improbable; nor is the suggestion of Hadhira, by Caussin (Essai i, 30), more likely, the latter being one of the aboriginal tribes of Arabia, such as Ad, Thamûd, etc. SEE ARABIA.

2. HADORAM, son of Toi, king of Hamath, sent by his father (with valuable presents in the form of articles of antique manufacture [Josephus], in gold, silver, and brass) to congratulate David on his victory over their common enemy Hadarezer, king of Syria (1Ch 18:10). B.C. cir. 1034. In the parallel narrative of 2 Samuel 8, the name is given as JORAM; but this being a contraction of Jehoram, which contains the name of Jehovah, is peculiarly an Israelitish appellation. By Josephus (Ant. 7, 5,4) he is called Α᾿δώραμος.

Bible concordance for HADORAM.

3. ADONIRAM SEE ADONIRAM (q.v.), as he is elsewhere more fully called (1Ki 4:6; 1Ki 5; 1Ki 14; Josephus constantly Α᾿δώραμος) the son of Abda, the treasurer of taxes under Solomon, and who was stoned to death by the people of the northern tribes when sent by Rehoboam to exact the usual dues (2Ch 10:18).

Definition of had

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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