Guild, William

Guild, William, a divine of the Church of Scotland, was born at Aberdeen in 1586, and educated at Marischal College, then recently founded, with a view to holy orders. Before he entered the ministry, however, he published a treatise entitled The New Sacrifice of Christian Incense; and The only Way to Salvation. He was very soon after called to the pastoral charge of the parish of king Edward, in the presbytery of Tur-rift and synod of Aberdeen. In 1617, when James I visited Scotland with a view to establish episcopacy, and brought bishop Andrewes, of Ely, with him, to assist in the management of that affair, the latter paid great regard to Guild; and the following year, when Andrewes was promoted to the see of Winchester, Guild dedicated to him his Moses Unveiled, pointing out those figures in the Old Testament which allude to the Messiah (new ed. Edinb. 1839, royal 8vo). He wrote several works against Popery; an Exposition of Solomon's Song (Lond. 1658, 8vo): — an Explanation of the Apocalypse (Aberdeen, 1656): — Exposition of Second Samuel (Oxford, 1659, 4to). He was a man of great learning. In 1640 he was made principal of King's College, Aberdeen, but, taking part with the monarchy, was deposed by the Parliamcntary commissioners in 1651, and died in 1657. See Shirreffs, Life of Guild (Aberdeen, 1799, 2d edit. 8vo); Allibone, Dict. Amer Authors, i, 748; Darling, Cyclop. Bibliographica, i, 1352.

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